A novel way to harness all three that works to combine their strengths in a concurrent and intertwined fashion.

A black forest swiss roll cake
A black forest swiss roll cake
What has a Swiss roll cake got to do with Agile, Lean and Design Thinking? We shall soon see! | Image by Christine Sponchia on Pixabay

The Recap

  • Design Thinking focuses on value discovery. That is, deciphering what people actually want.
  • Lean focuses on value validation. That is, determining if there is a market for your idea.
  • Agile focuses on value delivery. That is, building a working product that customers can use and gain benefit from immediately.


On the surface, it would seem like a detail, but many people are passionate about whether code should be commented on or not

Cat sleeping with its head on laptop keyboard
Cat sleeping with its head on laptop keyboard
Does writing code comments sometimes feel like a drag? Source: IRCat on Pixabay

Readability Is Not Always Paramount


Even as a skeptic, I have to admit that Scrum does contain some very good elements. Let’s see what those are…

A red light bulb illuminated above a sign reading “good records”
A red light bulb illuminated above a sign reading “good records”
Wouldn’t it be easy if only the good parts had a clear sign and light over them? Photo by gotafli on Unsplash


The term is used everywhere, but what does it actually mean?

Top down view of a vintage spiral staircase
Top down view of a vintage spiral staircase
An Agile framework: round and round it goes; where it stops nobody knows! | Photo by Won Young Park on Unsplash

Searching for an Industry Definition


Do you ever feel like it takes an eternity for your code to be reviewed, and by the time it does get reviewed the code base has already moved on? Let’s explore how we might narrow that gap.

Canyon with shafts of light penetrating to the floor
Canyon with shafts of light penetrating to the floor
Sometimes it can feel like there’s a chasm between a code commit and its eventual review | Photo by Madhu Shesharam on Unsplash


Have you ever asked the question “who trains Agile leaders?” Moreover, have you ever found a sufficient answer?

An office meeting with a dog sitting on a chair at the head of the table.
An office meeting with a dog sitting on a chair at the head of the table.
This team has gone to the dogs! | Photo by Drew Hays on Unsplash
  • How is management supposed to work with Agile?
  • Who trains management how to work with Agile?
  • What do you teach them?
  • Does management or leadership…


If you’ve struggled in the past to relate a lofty, aspirational Product Vision to your day-to-day work, this layered architecture may help you to connect the dots.

A four layer cake decorated with stars, with a wedge cut out to show the actual layers.
A four layer cake decorated with stars, with a wedge cut out to show the actual layers.
Want to have your cake and eat it too when it comes to Product Vision versus daily work? Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash


This once-common tool of planning can still help us in the age of Agile projects, if we learn it’s secrets.

The impossible triangle fashioned into a sculpture in stainless steel
The impossible triangle fashioned into a sculpture in stainless steel
The “Impossible Triangle” is made possible at last! Source

What is the Iron Triangle?


User stories aren’t a noun, they are a verb.

Two cheetahs sitting opposite each other in a field, appearing like they are having a conversation.
Two cheetahs sitting opposite each other in a field, appearing like they are having a conversation.
Want to hear a good story? It takes time, but we’re in no rush… | Photo by Yolande Conradie on Unsplash

A User Story is a Process, Not an Object


Have you ever had that problem where someone hands you a terse User Story, and you think “I have no idea what that means?!” (Part 1 of 2)

Cat lying next to story books and yawning.
Cat lying next to story books and yawning.
In the mood for a good story? Photo by Dave Francis on Unsplash
  • “As a…

Raj Nagappan

Founder & CEO, PhD, software engineer, author. Helping teams to craft better products that customers love. Connect at linkedin.com/in/rajnagappan

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